Burnout, salud y capital psicológico: un acercamiento desde la teoría de la conservación de recursos

Burnout, self-perceived health and psychological capital: findings from the conservation of resources theory

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La investigación realizada sobre Burnout ha mostrado de manera reiterada que es un síndrome presente en el contexto laboral con graves consecuencias para la salud del trabajador. Sin embargo, los estudios que proponen medidas eficaces para reducir los niveles de exposición al Burnout son escasos. Investigaciones previas han relacionado al capital psicológico de manera negativa y significativa con el burnout. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar el papel mediador del capital psicológico en la relación entre las tres dimensiones del Burnout y la salud autopercibida de los trabajadores. La muestra está compuesta por 195 trabajadores españoles de distintos sectores de actividad. Los resultados muestran que el capital psicológico media la relación entre las tres dimensiones del burnout y la salud autopercibida de los trabajadores. Para finalizar, se pone de manifiesto la importancia de los recursos psicológicos personales para reducir las consecuencias negativas del Burnout en el bienestar de los empleados.

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