Escalas de Cultura de Dorfman y Howell. Análisis de Invarianza Factorial Progresiva
Analysis of Progressive Measurement Invariance of Dorfman and Howell’s Cultural Scales

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Autores/as

Nicolás Osvaldo Didier Pino https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8904-5111

Juan Francisco Luna https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2324-5695

Resumen

Uno de los modelos teóricos más influyentes en la investigación transcultural es el desarrollado por Geert Hofstede, que originalmente consideraba cuatro dimensiones con las cuales se podía comparar diferentes culturas nacionales. Este modelo se basaba en las atribuciones y percepciones de los sujetos en relación a la cultura donde se desenvolvían, sin ser focalizado su modelo de medida en situaciones específicas como la pertenencia a una determinada organización o las creencias individuales. Dorfman y Howell (1988) elaboran una versión para las escalas de Hofstede para incluir el dominio organizacional en las respuestas, como forma de dar cuenta de la cultura laboral. Estas escalas han sido difundidas y utilizadas ampliamente dentro de la comunidad de investigación transcultural, sin presentarse un análisis en profundidad de la calidad de medida de tales escalas. Este artículo se aboca en presentar los resultados del análisis de la invarianza factorial de las escalas, considerando las cuatro dimensiones originales de Hofstede, a través del análisis factorial progresivo considerando los tres pasos de restricciones respecto de los resultados.

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