Validación del Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ) en una muestra mexicana

Validation of the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ) in a Mexican Sample

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Veronica Reyes Perez
Raúl Alcazár-Olán
Christian Enrique Cruz Torres

Resumen

El presente trabajo es la validación en una muestra mexicana de una escala que mide la regulación emocional cognitiva. El objetivo fue evaluar la validez del Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ) y examinar su validez divergente, a partir de instrumentos previamente validados. La muestra se formó de 464 jóvenes mexicanos (332 mujeres y 132 hombres), con edad entre 18 y 33 años. El 98.2% eran solteros. El diseño fue instrumental, transversal y no experimental. Además del CERQ, se usaron instrumentos de medición del enojo (ML-STAXI), miedo (IESM), depresión (IDB) y ansiedad (IAB). Las respuestas se recabaron con la plataforma SurveyMonkey. Como resultado, el modelo original de nueve factores del CERQ mostró pobre ajuste en el análisis factorial confirmatorio (CFI = .853). Por medio de análisis factorial exploratorio, se encontraron siete factores válidos: Reenfocarse en los planes positivamente (8 reactivos, α = .86), Rumiación (5 reactivos, α = .78), Culpar a otros (4 reactivos, α = .77), Auto culpa (3 reactivos, α = .76), Catastrofizar (4 reactivos, α = .77), Poner en perspectiva (4 reactivos, α = .70) y Reenfocarse en lo positivo (3 reactivos, α = .72). El CERQ, cuya naturaleza es cognitiva, mostró divergencia con variables emocionales y conductuales de instrumentos previos. En conclusión, los factores encontrados del CERQ representan constructos válidos y confiables que tienen potencial para programas que busquen atender y fortalecer la regulación emocional.

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